Топ 4 журнала о цифровом искусстве для заказа

Digital-конференции
Содержание
  1. 4. Using The Wrong Brush Size
  2. 4.1 Just Using Small Brushes
  3. 4.2 Just Using Big Brushes
  4. The Solution: Use Big AND Small Brushes In The Right Situations
  5. How to Create Your First Digital Artwork
  6. Sketch out your idea on paper
  7. Scan or photograph your design
  8. Choose your digital painting software
  9. Save your artwork
  10. Adjust the brightness and contrast of your artwork
  11. Color your design
  12. Add extra layers
  13. 3. Too Much Smudging / Using Only Soft Brushes
  14. The Solution: Avoid The Smudge Tool And Use A Combination Of Hard And Soft Brushes
  15. ИИ и нейросети на службе современного искусства
  16. What is Digital Art?
  17. 9. Canvas Too Small
  18. What’s the best canvas size / resolution for digital painting?
  19. That’s A Wrap!
  20. Фотореалистичная трехмерная графика
  21. Why Should You Join an Art Community?
  22. 7. Overuse Of Textures / Custom Brushes
  23. The Solution: Use Textures Sparingly Or Draw Them By Hand
  24. The Market of Digital Art
  25. 1. Too Much Contrast / Overuse Of Dodge & Burn Tools
  26. The Solution: Use Targeted Contrast And Avoid Dodge & Burn
  27. Better art with Astropad Studio
  28. What exactly is digital art today?
  29. Getting started with digital art step by step
  30. Artificial Intelligence
  31. AI Artists
  32. 8. Overuse Of Layers
  33. The Solution: Try Painting Everything On One Layer
  34. David Hockney
  35. How did it come to be?
  36. Цифровое искусство: средства и технологии
  37. 2. Not Enough Contrast
  38. The Solution: Use An Appropriate Amount Of Contrast
  39. Цифровая архивация мировых шедевров
  40. Бриколаж
  41. 6. Colorizing Grayscale
  42. The Solution: Don’t Colorize Grayscale Images
  43. Digital-art сегодня

4. Using The Wrong Brush Size

Many people are unsure which brush size to use. This can lead to a whole host of problems.

CHECK OUT: Must-have Art Equipment I Recommend

4.1 Just Using Small Brushes

If you just use small brushes, everything will look sketchy.

There will be too many little dots and lines everywhere – small details that aren’t really helpful, but just overtax the eye.

In addition, everything will take a lot longer to paint. It just takes more time to finish a painting with a small brush.

Hence, the general advice is often to use bigger brushes.

4.2 Just Using Big Brushes

But if you just use big brushes, everything will look blocky and undefined.

It’s good for color blocking, but at some point you need to refine everything to get your painting out of the early stages.

The Solution: Use Big AND Small Brushes In The Right Situations

The best practice is to use big and small brushes when each is most appropriate.

  • Big brushes are very useful in the early stage of a painting. They can be used to create little preliminary thumbnails and they help you lay down paint quickly until you get the general colors and values right.
  • Small brushes are needed as soon as your painting leaves the blocking phase. You need them for small refinements and for the addition of details – otherwise, your painting will never look finished.

Rule of thumb:Resize the brush according to the size of the detail you are painting. The smaller the detail, the smaller your brush should be. In other words:Make your brush as big as possible, but as small as needed.

Here’s a page with a lot of digital art process pictures.

In a lot of these you can see how the art starts with big brushes and gradually uses smaller and smaller brushes for more details.

How to Create Your First Digital Artwork

Sketch out your idea on paper

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

For your first digital artwork, it can be helpful to draw with pen and paper first. Start by sketching your ideas on paper to get an idea of what your design will look like. You can use these sketches in your digital art or for inspiration to map out your ideas.

Work on the forms you’ll include in the final piece. Aim to create accurate shapes, but don’t worry too much about the detail or shading. You can fill that in digitally when you switch to your drawing software.

Get an outline and the overall feel or style, but it doesn’t matter if you don’t have all the details planned out.

(If you don’t have a scanner, you can skip this step and get straight into drawing on your tablet. It’s also fine if you prefer to work fully digitally!)

Scan or photograph your design

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

The next step is to scan your sketch and begin outlining it in Photoshop. Once you’ve done that, you can hide (or keep) the pencil sketch layer.

This method is helpful for complete beginners who are new to digital painting. It makes it easy to get started in Photoshop without all the overwhelm, as you have an analog base to work from! 

Choose your digital painting software

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

Next, you need to select a digital painting software to create your digital art.

For this tutorial, I’m going to use Photoshop. It offers all the features you need and is commonly used by many artists. 

Other software options include PhotoWorks, Krita, Corel, and Luminar. You can take your pick – most of the tools are similar in each app.

Save your artwork

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

Save your work regularly. This step is very important in order to avoid losing hours of work in case the program crashed

Adjust the brightness and contrast of your artwork

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

Color your design

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

Now, you’re ready to add colors to your design! Create a new layer and start with the basic colors of your drawing. You can add shading and highlights in the next step. 

Add extra layers

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

It’s time to add in those details! For this step, you’ll need to make another layer with the ‘new layer’ button. Then, you can start to work on the highlights, shading, and shadows. 

Each time, create a new layer so you can make changes without affecting what you’ve done so far. 

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

When working on the shadows and highlights, keep in mind where your light is coming from. If you are consistent with the light source, your painting will look more natural. 

You can build up the color to make the final effects. Now, you can also start to blend colors by using the Eyedropper tool or different brushes. 

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

(Image: Outmane Amahou / Proactive Creative)

Once you’re finished, you can export your artwork! Tada! 

3. Too Much Smudging / Using Only Soft Brushes

Another reason your digital art looks bad is the overuse of the smudge tool and soft brushes.

Just like the dodge & burn tools, these ones seem like a shortcut for quick and easy shading.

You just draw a lit area and a shadowed area and smudge away to easily create a smooth transition between them.

Or you just use a soft brush from the get-go and create your gradients that way.

The problem is that it makes everything look soft and too perfect.

Just using soft brushes for everything leads to a lack of edges.

Everything becomes blurred and the whole painting lacks focus.

The Solution: Avoid The Smudge Tool And Use A Combination Of Hard And Soft Brushes

In this version of my Orc painting, I used only a basic hard brush. No smudging.

The solution to this is twofold:

First, you should avoid the smudge tool.

What’s a better way to create gradients between dark and bright areas?

Try this technique, for example:

The video explains how to blend colors with a hard brush.

If you don’t push it too far, this method will make your picture look more painterly compared to using the smudge tool or soft brushes.

The second solution is to use both hard and soft brushes.

This way you get the best of both worlds: Soft transitions, but enough clearly defined hard edges.

The following two videos explain it well:

ИИ и нейросети на службе современного искусства

Что нужно уметь, чтобы продать картину на аукционе Christie’s за 430 000 евро? Нашим современникам, авторам «Портрета Эдмонда Белами» даже не пришлось учиться рисовать. За них это делает нейросеть, а коллектив создателей Obvious — это средней руки программист и два классных маркетолога.
В связи с этим, существует спор о том, может ли ИИ создавать произведения искусства самостоятельно? Смотря что считать искусством. Если придерживаться понятия о том, творчество имеет историко-культурные корни, а креативная идея ― это комбинация других известных идей, то суперкомпьютеры вполне могут стать авторами. Если же считать, что никакой искусство невозможно без участия человека, и трансляции его личного опыта и переживаний, то ИИ становится инструментом, помощником, оставляя авторство людям.
К примеру, искусство цифровой живописи на основе ИИ, могут помочь художникам в развитии креативности и как бы преодолении ограничений фантазии. Это может привести к появлению новых стилей и жанров в искусстве, которые будут основаны на искусственном интеллекте.
ИИ создает автоматически уникальные картинки, музыку, поэзию и даже литературные произведения. Например, основываясь на заданных параметрах, таких как настроение и жанр, нейросеть компании Amper Music может создавать произведения в различных стилях и жанрах. В рамках проект «The Next Rembrandt», запущенного компанией ING в сотрудничестве с музеем Рейксмузеум в Амстердаме, появилось новое произведение искусства, которое выглядит так, как будто оно было написано самим Рембрандтом. Для этого группа кураторов вложила в ИИ данные обо всех известных картинках художника, например, размер кисти, толщина и тип краски, а также данные о световых и теневых эффектах, используемых в его работах.
Еще один интересный пример ― использование нейросетей в создании интерактивных инсталляций и перформансов, когда они собирают и анализируют данные о поведении зрителей, чтобы создать новый вид произведения, которое реагирует на изменяющуюся обстановку. Художник Рафаэль Лозано-Хеммер создал установку под названием «Пульс и пульсация», которая использует ИИ для сбора и анализа данных о пульсе зрителей. Установка состоит из сотен светящихся лампочек, которые мигают в соответствии с пульсом зрителей, создавая уникальное визуальное произведение искусства.

What is Digital Art?

Placed under the larger category of new media art, digital art is defined as any creative practice that uses digital technology as an essential part of the artistic process. Just like traditional fine art, digital art offers multiple mediums and styles that artists can use to express themselves, from digital photography, computer graphics and pixel art to more experimental mediums such as AI-generated art and AR art, everything goes in the spectrum of digital art. Involving techniques that are not distinctive of creative expression only, digital art is ever-evolving and radical in the way it is produced, distributed, and viewed.

But not only does digital art employ different electronic technologies, it also results in a digital final product, be it a vector image, an Adobe Photoshop collage, a virtual environment, or an NFT, just to mention a few. As digital technology has become inextricably intertwined with everyday existence and continues to advance, new artistic avenues open up and the artist’s toolbox is today wider than ever.

Bitcoin Bull, 2020. NFT drop by Trevor Jones

9. Canvas Too Small

The last reason your digital art might look bad is a simple technical one:

Your canvas may be too small.

If you zoom in one or two steps and everything looks pixelated, your canvas should be larger.

What’s the best canvas size / resolution for digital painting?

It all depends on what you want to do with the finished painting.

  • For digital output:Full HD (1920 x 1080 px) is a good start. If you want to draw more details, everything needs to be crisp, even if you zoom in. In that case, you can even double it to 4K (3840 x 2160 px).
  • For printing:Choose the size you want to print at in inches or cm and set the resolution to 300 dpi (dots per inch).

That’s A Wrap!

Write in the comments below which tips you found the most helpful.

Please let me know if you know any other reasons for nasty-looking digital art!

P.S.: I’m on YouTube, Instagram and , too. I’d appreciate it if you check it out!

READ NEXT:Rendering In Digital Art – The Ultimate Beginner Guide

Фотореалистичная трехмерная графика

Фотореалистичная трехмерная графика, наверное, один из самых известных и понятных видов цифрового искусства. По крайне мере, обыватели часто понимают под ним именно 3D-графике. Реалистичность объектов достигается за счет работы с текстурированием, освещением и тенями, отражением и преломлением света, симуляции материалов и т.д.
Виды графики:

  • Архитектурная визуализация ― изображения зданий, интерьеров и экстерьеров с помощью трехмерных моделей.
  • Кино и игры ― используется в фильмах и видеоиграх для создания виртуальных миров и персонажей. Один из самых известных примеров ― «The Last of Us Part II» на PlayStation 4, где с высочайшей точностью деталей окружающей среды и персонажей.
  • Реклама ― например, изображения автомобилей.
  • Медицинская визуализация ― для создания визуальных моделей органов и тканей для обучения и диагностики. Например, изображение сердца помогает врачам лучше понимать анатомию органа и его функции.
  • Промышленный дизайн ― для создания визуальных прототипов изделий и оборудования, например, моделей автомобилей или мебели.

Why Should You Join an Art Community?

If you’ve had a bad experience with online communities in the past, the idea of joining something like an art-based community website might make your hair stand on end.

But before you disregard the idea completely and decide to crash an art cafe or haunt your local art gallery to find your tribe, hear us out.

No matter where you are in your artistic journey, joining an artistic group can help you experience art in new and exciting ways.

Here’s what a good art community can offer to you.

Motivation, feedback, and support. Finding people who understand your work and can offer suggestions, critiques, or compliments is a feeling like no other.

Discovering new art supplies. A surefire way to better your craft is to invest in products that benefit you, but finding the best tools can be hard. One of the major benefits of joining an art community is discovering art tools and supplies you never knew you needed or that you haven’t even heard of.

Learning from others. While especially true for beginners, this applies to artists of all levels. Joining an art community gives you the ability to learn from others. Many artists are happy to tell you about their process and can provide insights to help newer artists improve. This kind of crowdsourced information is invaluable — no matter where you are in your artistic journey.

Promoting your art, branding, and audience growth. If you want to share your art with the world, there are numerous platforms where you can showcase your art and build a brand for yourself. We’ve listed a few, but some other famous examples are Pinterest, Instagram, and TikTok.

Building your professional network. This is an important one, especially if you want to do more with your art in a professional capacity. The hard truth is that having a great portfolio is often just the price of admission. In many circumstances, knowing the right people is the gateway to a promising and successful artistic career.

Gaining lasting friendships. Every adult knows how hard it is to make friends later in life. Art, like other hobbies, can be a strong foundation for a lasting friendship. The right art community will connect you to people around the world, so that you can make friends who share your common interests, regardless of nationality, age, or location.

7. Overuse Of Textures / Custom Brushes

Simply put, too much texture can quickly make your digital paintings look ugly.

I get it:

Especially to a new digital artist, it’s promising and exciting to be able to add texture to a painting immediately and easily.

Applied in moderation it can be effective and look good, but most of the time you will probably end up with something that looks photoshopped and fake.

There will be too many details that distract the eye.

Custom brushes are like gimmicks. While they are nice in theory, they can quickly detract attention from the basics.

Let’s say you want to paint a wood plank.

You could go ahead and just add a wood texture to a basic painting:

But that’s not painting. That’s basically .

Then, you could choose a texture brush with a random texture that somewhat resembles wood and lay down a few strokes:

That looks alright at best.

Both methods are like the easy way out and won’t really improve your painting skills in the long run.

The Solution: Use Textures Sparingly Or Draw Them By Hand

Beginners should focus on the basics like composition, lighting and shading, color, etc.

Draw textures by hand. That way you can’t overdo it as fast.

If you want to use custom brushes with textures, use them sparingly!

Here’s an example of the wood plank from above, just painted by hand:

The Market of Digital Art

Digital technology is continually opening up new perspectives for artistic experimentation. For artists who are willing to explore and play with new mediums, possibilities for creative expression are endless. Moreover, digital art has radically changed the way of viewing, enjoying, and sharing art as it can be easily transported and seen via different kinds of digital devices. The potential of a new, enlarged audience has also empowered artists to build their own careers and make their work known without the necessity of representation. But there is another recent layer to digital art, one that explains the rising attention towards this kind of artistic practice in the media more and more often with titles such as “Digital artwork sells for record price” or “The Most Expensive Digital Image Ever”. This has something to do with the monetary value and the ownership of digital art.

1. Too Much Contrast / Overuse Of Dodge & Burn Tools

No matter what you are painting or what medium you use – .

It’s a fundamental principle of art. It’s appealing to the eye and can really make a painting seem to jump off the page.

However, you can also use too much contrast.

It can overtax the eyes of the viewer and make the painting seem unaesthetic.

Too much contrast is often the result of overuse of the dodge & burn tools.

Especially to a digital art beginner, these tools seem useful. They brighten (dodge) or darken (burn) colors and seem like the ideal tool for lighting and shading.

The problem is this:

The more you go over an area, the brighter/darker it gets – which leads to too much contrast quickly.

Moreover, the dodge & burn tools only add white or black to a given color.

In the real world, areas of light and shadow aren’t just a brighter or darker tone of the base color.

They actually have a slightly different saturation/hue most of the time.

Another problem with the dodge & burn tools is that they add random yellow/orange tones at the edges of your brush strokes.

CHECK OUT: Tablet With Integrated Screen – XP-Pen Artist Pro 16TP (review)

The Solution: Use Targeted Contrast And Avoid Dodge & Burn

The solution is to use contrast wisely and avoid the dodge & burn tools altogether.

Pick your light and shadow colors by hand instead of relying on the dodge & burn tools.

And then use a targeted approach to contrast:

Don’t use high contrast everywhere. Only push it in the areas you want the viewer’s eyes to focus on.

Note:If you want to take a more stylized/graphic approach to art, using (very) high contrast can of course work well. Painting using just black and white is an example. Besides, there are some lighting situations that lead to extreme contrast – extreme spotlights or a studio lighting setup, for example. But I consider these more like exceptions to the rule.

Better art with Astropad Studio

Online art communities are important for the sustainability and celebration of art and for bringing people together through a shared interest in creating something beautiful. 

But when it’s finally time to get to work, you’ll need great tools to help elevate your artistic experience. Drawing tablets are an essential tool for most digital artists, but you don’t need specialized equipment for it.

If you’ve got an iPad and a stylus, Astropad Studio can help. Our app turns your iPad into a graphics tablet so that you can draw more effectively using desktop apps like Photoshop or CorelDRAW, or the Affinity Suite.

Grab a free 14-day trial of Astropad Studio right here, and bring your best art to any art community you join.

What exactly is digital art today?

Digital art, in essence, is any artwork that’s created using digital technology, be it a computer, tablet, or software. By using this technology, artists can create digital artworks in any style imaginable, which is why they can sometimes be confused for more traditional forms of painting.

As a result, works in the styles of Impressionism and Realism can be created using digital mediums of oils, acrylics and watercolour. But that’s only the beginning; artists can create digital paintings, sculptures and films with this kind of technology too.

Pretty cool, right? If you’re still not buying it, would it help that two of the most prolific artists of modern and contemporary art produced digital artworks?

Getting started with digital art step by step

By now, you know all the tools necessary for digital art. So next, you want to learn how to start drawing digitally. 

In this section, I’ll share tips and a guide on digital painting step by step. 

Watching digital art tutorials is an excellent place to start. It will give you a great overview and an idea of what you can create within your chosen software.

You’ll discover the various tools and brushes and how to use them. Look out for tutorials specifically for beginners for a simpler introduction. You don’t want to get overwhelmed on your first attempt.

Choosing a handful of brushes and tools and get the hang of them. Master these tools so that you feel confident with the digital painting technique. Then, and only then, should you move onto something new!

Starting slowly but surely is the best way to enjoy yourself and learn step by step!

Artificial Intelligence

Compared to Cohen’s early creation, today’s new developments incorporate AI and machine learning technologies. To create AI art, the artist chooses a set of images to feed the algorithm. The algorithm then imitates the visual inputs producing a number of output images, which are ultimately selected and approved by the artist. The algorithms used to produce art with this process are called GAN’s (Generative Adversarial Networks), whereas the class of algorithms called AICAN (Artificial Intelligence Creative Adversarial Network) – one that is nearly autonomous in the creative process – works on two opposite forces: on the one end, the algorithm is taught existing styles by memorizing their recognizable aesthetics; on the other, it gets penalized if, when producing a new artwork, too closely imitates an existing piece of art. This principle ensures that the final result will be innovative without going too far from what we already know. This class of algorithms is likely to build off more recent trends in art history.

AI Artists

Mario Klingemann is one of the most well-known names in the AI art genre. In 2017, he created a series of six prints using AI models, where he experimented with the inputs that feed the algorithm. For this work, the artist focused on the human body, training his AI models to explore posture by turning stick figures into paintings. For his painting The Butcher’s Son, Klingemann was awarded the Lumen Prize as the best art created with technology.

Mario Klingemann, The Butcher’s Son, 2017.

In 2018, a work of art created by Edmond de Belamie with the help of an autonomous AI algorithm was auctioned for $432,500 at Christie’s Auction House. It was a human portrait generated by an algorithm that was fed with famous portraits from the history of art.

Another notable name in the spectrum of digital and AI art is Refk Andadol. He is a Turkish-American artist known for his projects that consist of data-driven algorithms that create abstract and dream-like environments. His latest project called Machine Hallucinations: Nature Dreams is an ongoing exploration of data aesthetics based on collective visual memories of space, nature, and urban environments. Anadol and his team collect data from digital archives and publicly available resources, then process the millions of photographic memories with machine learning models. The sorted images are then clustered into thematic categories to better understand the semantic context of the data universe.

Artwork Preview | Refik Anadol, Machine Hallucinations: Nature Dreams, 2021 | Part 2

8. Overuse Of Layers

Can you actually “overuse“ layers?

Yes, by simply using too many of them.

By now you probably noticed that many of the reasons for bad digital art I mentioned are caused by “shiny object syndrome“.

Often, beginners love layers.

And it’s okay, they can be a useful tool, but they can also hamper the painting process.

You add one layer. Then another. Then another. And another…

Sooner or later it looks like this:

This painting uses too many layers. And I’ve actually seen people use way more than this…

The result is that every object or character in your scene has too perfect edges.

The elements often don’t integrate into the scene organically anymore.

The Solution: Try Painting Everything On One Layer

Using just one layer is similar to traditional painting.

Just one layer?

Yes. After all, that’s basically what traditional painters do on canvas the whole time.

Sure, there are people who use stencils (and that’s where layers in digital painting programs probably originated from).

But that technique is way more time-consuming and hence not as prevalent as layers.

How do you know if you have too many layers?

Simple:

  • If you have to think about which layer you are on before every stroke, you have too many layers.
  • If you feel like your painting is ruined because you’ve accidentally painted on the wrong layer for some time, you have too many layers.

I actually find painting everything on one layer quite liberating.

You can just paint – instead of thinking about the technical things all the time. And if something goes wrong, you just paint over it.

CHECK OUT: How To Improve Your Art Quickly

David Hockney

One of the most influential artists of the 20th century, David Hockney, is also considered to be one of the world’s top iPad artists. Yes, iPad artist.

Hockney’s artistic career is characterised by a love for colour and a fascination with the evolution of technology. He even explored this interest in an exhibition of ‘The Great Wall’, which traced the evolution of art and technology from the 1200s until the 1900s.

That being said, if any traditionally trained artist is going to embrace digital art, it would definitely be Hockney. In 2010, Hockney held an exhibition at the Musée Yves Saint Laurent Paris, which displayed art that were made entirely on iPads. To emphasise the digital nature of these works, the paintings were also exhibited digitally on large screens to mimic the iPad itself.

Digital art’s place in history follows the technological developments of other mediums, such as screenprinting and photography. While painters use a brush, printmakers use a screen and photographers use a camera, digital artists create brushstrokes with careful swipes of their mouse.

It has become a medium that converts programmers and computer scientists into artists, but has also inspired those who work in more traditional artistic practices. Digital art has allowed artists to explore their artistic interests while discovering new perspectives on how to embrace their practice. Forget MS Paint, this is the real deal.

How did it come to be?

By the 1960s, the computer had become a widespread phenomenon. But, due to their large size and enormous cost, they could only be found in research laboratories and universities. So, when we think about it, it really makes sense that the first digital artists that sprung from this era were computer scientists and mathematicians.

Digital artists embraced digital art as a way to experiment with the computer and explore the possibilities it had to offer. Artworks such as these were created on programs written by the artists themselves, which were a little restricted early on. This ultimately meant that digital artworks focused on geometric forms rather than creating art with a significant amount of detail.

Digital art was an exciting concept at the time, so artists began to teach themselves how to program in order to join the movement. By the 1970s, it had become so popular that schools, such as the Slade School of Art, established whole departments for the sole creation of digital artworks.

However, it wasn’t until the birth of the personal computer in the 1980s that digital artworks infiltrated the art world en masse. Personal computers and painting software packages gave people the opportunity to create artworks digitally. This, of course, influenced many amateur digital artworks, but it also gave artists easier access to more modern technologies.

Цифровое искусство: средства и технологии

Новое цифровое искусство, также известное как мультимедийное искусство или искусство новых медиа, объединяет огромное количество произведений, созданных при помощи или под влиянием компьютеров, гаджетов, программного обеспечения и коммуникационных сетей. Для создания объектов используются интерактивные технологии, VR, 3D-графика и анимация, а также новые материалы: пластик, металлические сплавы и полимеры.
Однако, не только использование новых технологий, но и умение художника владеть программным обеспечением и инструментами, является важным аспектом в создании цифровых произведений. Искусство будущего поддерживается множеством программ, таких как Blender, Maya, Zbrush и другие.

2. Not Enough Contrast

While many people apply too much contrast to their paintings, other ones use too little contrast.

Concentrating contrast on specific areas of a drawing (see #1) is generally a good idea.

But not using enough contrast overall is a problem in and of itself.

It makes a painting look muddy and grey(ish).

Of course, there might be situations where that’s exactly what you want.

For example, you might want to draw or paint a nebulous swamp scene that conveys a sense of dismalness. Here it’s probably advisable to use very little contrast.

But for everything else, it’s probably wise to use a certain amount of variety in brightness values.

The Solution: Use An Appropriate Amount Of Contrast

If you have this problem, compare your art to that of professional artists that you like – side by side.

Does yours look muddy? Then it’s probably a good idea to use a little bit more variety in your values.

Make your bright tones a bit brighter and your dark tones a bit darker.

Be careful though or you will end up with problem #1 (too much contrast).

Learning to use the right amount of contrast can take some time, but with enough practice you will get good at it.

CHECK OUT: Why You Can’t Draw Anymore

Цифровая архивация мировых шедевров

Многие музеи и галереи по всему миру начали создавать цифровые архивы своих коллекций, чтобы сохранить их наследие и сделать его доступным для широкой публики. Цифровая архивация позволяет сохранить копии произведений искусства с высоким разрешением, что обеспечивает их сохранность и доступность для будущих поколений, а также для тех, кто не может посетить музеи лично. Например, Google Arts & Culture ― это онлайн-коллекция с тысячей работ со всего мира, включая изображения, видео, аудио и текстовые материалы.
В рамках проекта проводятся тематические выставки, например, выставка «Искусство и ИИ». Цифровая живопись — новое искусство, и оно демонстрирует произведения, созданные с помощью искусственного интеллекта, а выставка «Виртуальный тур по музеям мира» позволяет посетить известные музеи и галереи, не выходя из дома. Европейская комиссия также занялась архивацией и создала проект Europeana, объединивший культурные и исторические материалы из разных стран Европы, такие как книги, фотографии, рукописи, карты и звуковые записи.
Некоторые музеи также используют технологии виртуальной реальности для создания уникальных виртуальных выставок, где посетители могут изучать произведения искусства в цифровом формате и получать дополнительную информацию о них. Помимо прочего, это отличная образовательная возможность.Например, музеи Метрополитен в Нью-Йорке и Государственный Эрмитаж в Санкт-Петербурге, представляют онлайн-коллекции своих произведений искусства.

Бриколаж

Тренды искусства разнообразны. Например, бриколаж ― это техника создания произведений искусства путем комбинирования различных объектов, материалов и элементов в единый композиционный образ. Он часто используется в создании видеоклипов, компьютерных игр и анимации.
Для создания сложных композиций цифровые художники используют фотографии, графические изображения, текстуры, видео и другие элементы. Одним из наиболее известных примеров является работа Дэвида Хокни «Joiners», где художник комбинировал фотографии, чтобы создать единый образ. Другой пример ― работы Макса Эрнста с использованием фотографий, открыток, обоев. «Космические коллажи» Роберта Бейра объединяют элементы космических картин, звездных небес и других космических объектов. Дэвида Маклоу работает с фото разных эпох и стилей, объединяя их с собственной фантазией в одном произведении.

6. Colorizing Grayscale

An example of using the “Color” blending mode to colorize a grayscale painting.

Colorizing grayscale is not as easy as it sounds.

It’s a common approach of beginners and the idea is simple:

You try to separate the lighting and shading process from the base colors of the painting.

If you follow this route, you first paint a grayscale version of your artwork and then “just add the colors“.

But it’s not as simple as it seems to be:

Often the brightness values don’t match.

If you paint a grayscale image in a way that looks good in grayscale, you will have to use a good amount of contrast.

But then the bright areas will often be too bright and the dark areas too dark for colorizing because the base colors have an inherent difference in brightness.

Yellow is always brighter than purple, for example.

Just look at what happens with a color wheel, if you convert it to grayscale:

Can you see it?

The colors all have a different brightness.

That’s why the colors in a colorized grayscale variant often look “wrong“: The brightness is too high or too low for the intended outcome.

Let’s use yellow as an example again:

This doesn’t really look like a nice yellow ball. The bright spots are too bright and the dark ones too dark.

In this case, you would have to paint the whole ball in a more even grey tone, to make it work. The lights and shadows would need to be closer in value to the mid-tones.

This wouldn’t look good in grayscale though – defeating the whole purpose of the method.

Another problem is choosing the right blending mode.

Every blending mode delivers a different result.

Let’s take a look at my painting from above with two other blending modes:

“Overlay” blending mode

“Soft Light” blending mode

Beyond that, not only picking another blending mode changes the outcome. Choosing a different color for painting on the color layer does so, too.

In this case, I would need to use more saturated colors. The ones I chose didn’t work with the “color” blending mode, and they don’t work with the “overlay” and “soft light” ones either.

Here’s a quick guide on some blending modes and how they work.

In the end, it’s pretty much impossible to choose the perfect colors right from the start – without the need to do profound color corrections later on.

CHECK OUT: 6 Characteristics Of Good Art

The Solution: Don’t Colorize Grayscale Images

Just don’t do it.

If you want to paint a grayscale painting, paint a grayscale painting.

But if you want to create a colorful artwork, use colors right from the start. This way you will improve faster at using colors, too.

If you want to dive deeper into the topic, check out these two helpful videos:

Note:Yes, I’m aware that colorizing grayscale paintings can work. Even some professional artists do it. But I don’t think it’s great for beginners because the technique itself requires a lot of knowledge and a lot of trial and error.

Digital-art сегодня

Художники используют digital-art для создания инновационных произведений, которые могут быть представлены в различных форматах, включая интерактивные инсталляции, виртуальные выставки и даже цифровые фестивали и конкурсы. Digital-art также используется в рекламе, медиа-искусстве и развлекательной индустрии.
Например, Рафаэль Лоши (Rafael Lozano-Hemmer) создает интерактивные инсталляции, которые реагируют на движения зрителей и делают портреты из их теней. Еще один известный digital-художник Мартин Уэбер (Martin Wattenberg) использует алгоритмы машинного обучения для создания произведений, которые отражают сложные социальные и политические темы.
Однако, digital art painting также вызывает вопросы о том, что является «настоящим» искусством и как оценивать эти произведения. Некоторые критики утверждают, что использование ИИ и нейросетей в создании произведений искусства делает их менее ценными, поскольку они создаются автоматически, в то время как другие считают, что это просто новый способ выражения искусства.

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